This essay The European Renaissance has a total of 806 words and 4 pages.
The European Renaissance
The Renaissance was a period of European history, considered
by modern scholars as that between 1300 and 1600. Many dramatic
changes happend during the Renaissance. The Renaissance was a
period of new inventions and beliefs.
The Renaissance was drastically different from the Middle
Ages. During the Middle Ages the church held most of the power and
it's economy was agriculturaly based. Exploration and learning
was almost put to a stop. During the Renaissance society was
transformed into a society increasingly dominated by central political
institutions with an urban commercial attitude. Also, people's
curiosity overcame thier fear and many people started to venture out
and explore. New schools and colleges became more and more common.
The Renaissance was started by many rich Italian cities, such
as Florence, Ferrara, Milan ,and Venice. Because these cities were
very wealthy, many merchants started to spend money on different
things, such as painting, learning, new banking techniques, and new
systems of government. These things gave rise to a new type of
scholar, the humanist. Humanism was subjects concerned with humankind
and culture. They stutied various things such as Latin, Greek
language, literature and philosophy. Music and mathmatics were also
studied as well.
The Renaissance gave way to new forms of painting , art and
sculpture. During the Renaissance, artist were no longer regarded as
mere artisans, as they had been to the medieval past, but for the
first time emerged as independent personalities, compared to poets and
writers. Many artisans merged mathmatics with art , in order to
become more precise in their measurements and to make sure an object
was supported both rationally and porportionally. As a result
painters tried and often suceeded into making their painting a window
into the world. Artists also studied the way light hits objects and
the way our eyes percieve light. A new kind of paint called oil paint
was used. This allowed the artist to create texture , mix colors, and
allow more time for corrections before it dried.
The printing press was probaly the most important advance in
technology. Europeans first used movable metal type to print a book.
On small pieces of metal they engraved single letters of the
alphabet. These could then be arranged and rearranged to form words
and sentences. Johan Gutenberg is
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