In Her Motherís Image

At the beginning of Wuthering Heights Lockwoode makes a mistake in
assuming that young Catherine II was Heathcliffeís wife. It is easy to see how
he, a stranger unfamiliar with the Earnshaw-Linton family history could have
made such a mistake. But, had Lockwoode known about the life of the woman
Heathcliffe had always wanted to marry, Catherine I, and then have been able to
compare it to life of her daughter, Catherine II, he would never have been able to
make that mistake, for the lives of the mother and daughter were as different as
night and day.
To start, Heathcliffe, the current master of the house in which Lockwoode
was staying, loved Catherine I more than anything in the world. They spent
hours, even days at a time together, and almost always cherished each otherís
company. Their relationship, however, was not one of social equals. Through a
series of events, Heathcliffe had become Catherineís servant, and it was for this
reason that Catherine refused to marry the man she loved, feeling that it would
Ďdegradeí her to do so.
It is, among other things, because of this that Heathcliffe hates Catherine
II with all his heart. To him, she is a symbol of the woman he could never have
because of his lowly status. Through no fault of her own, she becomes the
object of his hatred and is treated much worse than her mother ever was;
Heathcliffe even makes her his servant. Her relationship with Heathcliffe is at
the opposite end of the spectrum when comparing it to that of her mother.
Heathcliffe loved Catherine I, but hates Catherine II. Heathcliffe was Catherine
Iís servant, but Catherine II has become Heathcliffeís servant.
As far as married life goes, neither Catherine I nor Catherine II married
who they truly loved, but nevertheless, Catherine I still managed to get along
with her husband, Edgar Linton, and in exchange for the task of marrying this
man whom she did not love, she received a boost in her social standing, and she
secured for herself a life of comfort and finacial stability.
Catherine II, on the other hand, is forced (by Heathcliffe) to marry Linton
Heathcliffe, a man for whom she has no love