LORD OF THE FLIES VOCABULARY
Synonyms/Antonyms

One of the major themes of Lord of the Flies is evil. In the novel, evil involves fear, hatred, and ugliness. The following words, taken from the novel reflect that theme of evil.

Each underlined word below is followed by a definition, a synonym, and a page (p.) and line (l.) number. Read the definition and the synonym, then refer in the novel to the page and line on which the word appears. Read the definition and the synonym, then refer in the novel to the page and line on which the word appears. Read the sentence containing the word in the novel. Then, in the space provided beneath the definition, rewrite the sentence, substituting your own word(s) for the defined word.

Next, In the space to the right of each sentence, write an antonym (word with an opposite meaning) for each underlined word.

1. Enmity: bitter attitude or feelings of an enemy; hostility. (p. 15, l. 16)

He trotted through the sand, enduring the sun\'s malice, crossed the platform and found his scattered clothes. Friendship

2. Intimidated: to be made timid or afraid; threatened (p. 22, l. 12)

He was frightened by this uniformed superiority and the offhand authority in Merridew\'s voice. Assured

3. Oppressive: hard to put up with; overbearing (p. 53, l. 3)

The silence of the forest was more troublesome than the heat, and at this hour of the day there was not even the whine of insects. Liberating

4. Malevolent: wishing evil or harm to others; spiteful (p. 78, l. 10)

He looked viciously at Jack. Hospitably

5. Derisive: showing contempt or scorn; ridiculing (p. 93, l. 34)

The scornful laughter that rose had fear in it and condemnation. Assuring

6. Condemnation: an infliction of penalty; conviction (p. 94, l. 1)

The derisive laughter that rose had fear in it and accusation. Pardoning




7. Daunting: making afraid; discourage (p.132, l. 2)

The word was too good, too bitter, too successfully intimidating to be repeated. Encouraging

8. Contemptuously: showing attitude of worthlessness; scornfully (p. 137, l. 12)

"Go up and see," said Jack insolently, "and good riddance."
Complementary

9. Furtive: done in a sly manner; sneaky (p. 151, l. 16)

In the silence, and standing over the dry blood, they looked suddenly elusive.
Evident

10. Obscene: indecent; repulsive (p. 152, l. 13)

Even the butterflies deserted the open space where the disgusting thing grinned and dripped. Virtuous

11. Abominable: disgusting, vile; loathsome (p. 168, l. 23)

It was crying out against the offensive noise something about a body in the hill.
Desirable

12. Truculent: cruel or savage; ferocious (p. 196, l. 19)

Barbarously they squared up each other but kept just out of fighting distance.
Tame

13. Menace: threat of harm or evil; danger (p. 199, l. 32)

Jack had backed right against the tribe and they were a solid mass of threat that bristled with spears. Safety












LORD OF THE FLIES - READING GUIDE QUESTIONS

A) SECTION ONE (p. 7 -62) (55 pages)

CHAPTER 1 (p. 7 - 34)

1. Describe the setting of the story.

The story is set during World War II sometime in the mid-forties on a tropical island somewhere in the South Pacific. Reference is made to the Atom Bomb and the island is tropical.

2. What Events led to the boys\' arrival on the island?

The boys arrived on the island when their aircraft was shot down by enemy fighter planes. Piggy says that when he looked out the window during the attack he saw flames coming out of the wing. The boys each had a different school uniform, so they could have been part of a mass evacuation to escape the bomb.

3. Why couldn\'t Jack kill the pig?

Jack says that the piglet escaped when he paused to decide the best place to "stick it" with his knife. The author later states that each boy knew why Jack had not killed the piglet: "because of the enormity of the knife descending and cutting into living flesh; because of the unbearable blood." (p. 34 l. 2)

4. Who emerges as leader of the group? Why?

Ralph emerges as the leader of the group, the chief. He was the first to hold a symbol of authority (the conch). He is one of the oldest boys and he brought everybody together when he sounded the conch.

CHAPTER 2 (p. 35 - 51)

5. What power does the conch shell give the person who holds it?

The conch shell gives the person who